Puppy Starter Guide and Reference
Puppy Care start at Birth
A little history on the puppy care from the time of birth until now. From Day 1 of the delivery until the puppy turn 8 weeks, it has been indoor in our whelping facility. They are not allowed to encounter any outside elements until they have had two rounds of Duramax 5. First shot at 6 weeks of age and Second shot at 9 weeks. This should be enough to boost his immunity. However, consult with your vet to assure another round is not recommend.
We dewormed the puppy starting at 2 weeks and every week until it left our facility. You will receive a shot record with the deworming schedule with your new puppy.
As a preventive for parasite, we give our dogs sentinel spectrum. Sentinel prevents and protect against all parasites including heart worms. Sentinel does not prevent ticks. Sentinel Spectrum does require a prescription from your vet.
We use a topical that prevention and treatment of ticks, fleas, mosquitoes, biting flies and lice for monthly use on dogs and puppies. We recommend this monthly and can be purchase at your pet stores or Amazon.
Feeding and Nutrition
Feeding: Proper Nutrition and Vitamin are
very important in the early puppy age until a year old. We feed the puppy Diamond puppy from the time they are weaning, and we carry it until they turn a year old. Diamond puppy has DHA.
DHA’s Essential Role
DHA is a major structural component in the brains of all mammals, explains Dr. Amy Dicke, a technical services veterinarian with Iams. “Healthy brains are about 60 percent structural fat, and 30 percent of the fat in gray matter is DHA, the most abundant fatty acid in the brain,” says Dicke.
Just like a human baby, your puppy’s brain develops after birth. “Puppies have acquired only 70 percent of their adult brain mass by 6 weeks of age, and 90 percent by 12 weeks,” notes Dicke.
Pregnant dogs pass DHA to their unborn pups, aiding in their development. Dr. Tracy Dewhirst — a Knoxville, Tenn., veterinarian — recommends feeding puppy food that contains DHA to the mother during the last two weeks of gestation and then until the puppies are weaned.
Research shows that puppies fed high levels of DHA are easier to train than puppies with low levels of DHA. The research highlighted a significant statistical difference, notes Dr. Katy Nelson, a veterinarian. “The puppies were given the same amount of training, the same interaction each day and were of the same breed and line,” adds Nelson.
Benefits of feeding your puppy a commercial food containing DHA include:
- Better socialization. Your pup is likely to adjust better to your home environment and your family.
- Quicker understanding. You’re more likely to be able to quickly teach your furry friend new concepts and obedience challenges.
- Less destructive behavior. Your pup is less likely to engage in the sorts of behavior that cause stress for you and your household.
Other Benefits of DHA
Your puppy needs DHA for proper development in other areas as well. For instance, the omega-3 fatty acid is essential in the development of your dog’s central nervous system and eyes.
“Omega-3s are also potent anti-inflammatory agents within the body,” says Nelson. “They help with inflammation in joints, gums, skin, the GI tract and more. A dog fed a diet high in DHA is very likely to have a shiny coat, healthy teeth and gums, as well as normal stools.”
The Source of DHA
In commercial dog food, fish, fishmeal and fish oil are sources of DHA. It’s difficult for dog owners to provide appropriate levels of DHA and the right combination of essential fatty acids through homemade diets or the use of supplements. “Homemade diets have proved to be nutritionally deficient in most cases,” explains Dewhirst, “unless formulated by a veterinary nutritionist — especially for the percentage of protein, vitamins and essentially fatty acids.”
At 6 months of age, we introduce our puppies to RAW. This uncooked raw beef/chicken with the organ meat. This is the nature of the animal. The benefits of raw are healthy coat, teeth, bone and less stool and stool odor. Raw is also less expensive than your common kibble.
Feed the puppy at least 4 cups of kibble per day. We allow ours to free feed until they are 16 weeks. Of course, plenty of water daily.
Some Common Diseases
Most common diseases: Parvo and coccidia.
For Parvo, disinfect your yard and surrounding with Bleach. This is the only substance that will kill this virus. Parvo can be very deadly to a puppy. If you see signs of weakness, vomiting, unpleasant odor stool or vomit, get the puppy to the vet immediately.
Coccidia is very common and can be stress related. As the puppy gets use to the unfamiliar environment, just bring it comfort to keep the stress low.
Article on Coccidia: http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/infectious-parasitic/c_multi_coccidiosis